The evolution of cellphones in 7 retro commercials

Few devices have been as disruptive to modern culture as the cellphone. Forget just talking to people from anywhere, with no wires involved. Today, these amazing devices enable all sorts of good and bad behavior, including Facebook rants, Twitter fights, selfies and Instagram photos of delicious delicacies and drunken text messages to those better deleted from our contacts list. It’s nearly impossible — and, frankly, terrifying — to imagine a world without smartphones.

1. Motorola DynaTAC (1984)

In 1984, this brick became the first commercially available cellphone in the U.S. market, which explains why we’re getting the World’s Fair style explanation about what a cellphone is: “This revolution in communications could make it possible for more and more people to have a phone in their car, or even one that travels with you.”

If this level of sorcery seems too good to be true, you’ll go nuts when you hear the portable weighs just 30 ounces. (Yes, that’s nearly 2 pounds.) For perspective: Phones today average around 5 to 6 ounces. This was the ’80s, though — until then it was a simpler, pre-”Ghostbusters” time in America. We didn’t know what amazing technologies lied ahead.

2. RadioShack Cell Phone (1990)

Enter the ’90s — a time when “finding a phone in a car isn’t that unusual anymore,” this RadioShack Cell Phone commercial states. Good thing they had all those people talking on the phone while driving.

RadioShack’s bold claim seems to be that, in 1990, it was common for the phone to leave the car, allowing talkers to be rude and antisocial on the golf course, on a boat or at a restaurant. Really, you can take it anywhere that you can bring the clunky suitcase attached to the phone, because the thing isn’t even wireless.

You’ll have to remember, however, that this was when RadioShack was known more for its sense of humor rather than overpriced cables and accessories. The commercial ends with a young boy, dressed like a “Revenge of the Nerds” extra, getting a phone call to the surprise of his dad. The kid throws out a few business terms, talks about buying shares, and the audience dies of hysterics. Bonus points for that laptop he’s rocking.

3. iPhone (2007)

And we’ve arrived at the modern smartphone and the year that Time magazine named the iPhone the invention of the year. As much as Android fanboys hate hearing it, the iPhone is what started the smartphone revolution. It wasn’t the first, but Apple’s take on the pocket computer/phone hybrid changed the way people thought about mobile tech.

The ad teases it perfectly: A voiceover boasts features that you’ve never seen in an iPod before, and it’s all very impressive stuff for 2006 — but there’s a twist. Spoiler alert: It’s not an iPod; it’s the iPhone. And humanity bowed before the device, for it was pretty cool.

From there, we were introduced to phones with similar designs, and new takes on mobile operating systems that we have today. Regardless of which OS you prefer, the great minds behind the iPhone deserve a ton of credit for laying the foundation for every major phone on the market today.

4. Nokia (2000)

It’s a new millennium, and because a Y2K apocalypse never happened, teenagers started celebrating by buying cellphones that reflected their personality. Nokia introduced a line of customizable covers that everyone’s older sister just had to have.

It wasn’t a huge advancement, but around this time, there was a boom in the number of cellphone users: The number of mobile phones in the United States went from 86 million in 1999 to almost 110 million in 2000, according to InfoPlease. Maybe colored cases were just what people needed.

5. Motorola Razr (2004)

As technology advanced, cellphones got smaller and smaller. Just before smartphones took over and made big phones cool again, models like Motorola’s Razr were everywhere. Why wouldn’t you want a phone like this after seeing that it can manipulate matter like some kind of overpowered “X-Men” character in this commercial?

6. Nextel Direct Connect (1996)

Strap yourself in for this high-speed action movie of a commercial for Nextel. Remember Nextel, that service Sprint acquired with what should go down in the record books as the most annoying feature ever? Beep!

Nextel gave you access to Direct Connect, a two-way radio that let people be obnoxious anywhere you were seeking peace and quiet: on the bus, the coffee shop — you name it. At least you could have a conversation without wasting minutes. Nextel phones were very popular for a while and continue to be used on construction sites and the like, but the mainstream trend ended more abruptly than this 28-second commercial.

7. Motorola Flip Phone and U.S. Cellular (1996)

We dare you to try and forget flip phones. For their era, these mobile gadgets looked cool. Cellphones became a more reasonable thing for anyone to have. Not only that, but it was only $20 to buy this puppy.

The perks just kept getting better, though. “Yeah, I got all my guys working on it right now,” says a ’90s version of a cool guy, clearly lying because he’s on a boat, not working on anything. There’s a long list of all the things you can do with a cellphone, which all boil down to calling people from different locations. This, of course, opens up the opportunity to make the phone feel sexy by showing women on the beach.

By FoxNews


Reached My Viewer Target, Lets start making Revenue…

Reaching my viewer target, I believe that it is time to upgrade and start making revenue. But first I need to buy this site. If there are interested members who would like to become a partner.


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Twitter: ruining marriages since 2006.

Tweet this at your own risk: according to this study, Twitter use has a negative effect on romantic relationships. In fact, the most active users of Twitter have higher risks of infidelity, breakup, and divorce. And don’t think that Facebook is any better – a previous study found that it also causes  jealousy and relationship conflict.  #GeeWhatASurprise

The Third Wheel: The Impact of Twitter Use on Relationship Infidelity and Divorce.

“The purpose of this study was to examine how social networking site (SNS) use, specifically Twitter use, influences negative interpersonal relationship outcomes. This study specifically examined the mediational effect of Twitter-related conflict on the relationship between active Twitter use and negative relationship outcomes, and how this mechanism may be contingent on the length of the romantic relationship. A total of 581 Twitter users aged 18 to 67 years (Mage=29, SDage=8.9) completed an online survey questionnaire. Moderation-mediation regression analyses using bootstrapping methods indicated that Twitter-related conflict mediated the relationship between active Twitter use and negative relationship outcomes. The length of the romantic relationship, however, did not moderate the indirect effect on the relationship between active Twitter use and negative relationship outcomes. The results from this study suggest that active Twitter use leads to greater amounts of Twitter-related conflict among romantic partners, which in turn leads to infidelity, breakup, and divorce. This indirect effect is not contingent on the length of the romantic relationship. The current study adds to the growing body of literature investigating SNS use and romantic relationship outcomes.”


By Seriously Science, Discover



This Is How TheEyeCatcher blog Started!!! #AfricaCom

AfricaCom 2012 produces two new bloggers

As part of AfricaCom 2012, two new writers were launched into the technical writing world, as the successful winners of a youth competition. The winners, Lauren Leonard (19) and Simone Johnson (21) spent three days at the event immersing themselves into the world of technology and are now blogging.
Leonard (from Kuils River, Cape Town) who is currently studying journalism aims to become a cinematographer. Her blog, They Eye Catcher, tracks trends, innovations and developments in the world of ICT.

“My eyes have been opened to a whole new world. I now see the how and the why the technology we take for granted every day, is delivered to something like our mobile phones. I have stopped living for today and am now living for tomorrow.” says Leonard.

Both girls have been offered a short internship at Africa Telecoms magazine under the auspices of Bradley Shaw and the tech team, while CNBC Africa, having met them at AfricaCom, has also opened the door to a brief stint if they would like to see the business desk of this international broadcaster. They will be invited back to AfricaCom in 2013.

Africacom 2012 leads a new generation of tech informers

Lauren Leonard (19 years) and Simone Johnson (21 years) spent three days at AfricaCom immersing themselves into the world of technology.  Neither of the two young girls had a background or experience in the tech sector before this but this has not stopped them from making the most of their experience.  Armed with an ipad each – part of their winnings – they explored sessions, workshops and the exhibition, providing a fresh take on the business of technology.

Leonard (from Kuilsriver) who is currently studying journalism and also aims to become a cinematographer, took to blogging like a duck to water – although having never blogged before she has set up an interesting and insightful look into the business of digital communications.  Her “eyecatcher” blog (on WordPress) tracks trends, innovations and developments in the world of ICT.  In her own words, “my eyes have been opened to a whole new world.  I now see the how and the why the technology we take for granted everyday, is delivered to something like our mobile phones.  I have stopped living for today and am now living for tomorrow”.

Johnson always wanted to go into media, but a scholarship to study project management and accounting saw this hardworking, future-looking young lady from Mannenberg, take a different route until watching Hectic Nine 9 and fate intervened.  Simone’s first language is Afrikaans and after discussion, has decided to create South Africa’s first online tech blog (aiming to become a fully fledged magazine) in Afrikaans.  She is creative and intrepid, having sat in on many of the high level discussions at AfricaCom 2012 and then boldly interviewing some of the continent’s top tech contributors, including writing a piece on women in the tech world.  As this is an area that is still mainly dominated by the male of the species, there are plenty of opportunities for both girls to carve out a significant place for themselves – if they want..

While still novices and with a ton of research and reading ahead of them, the three mentors and South African judges (Liron Segev of Swift Consulting and thetechieguy blog; Bradley Shaw managing editor of Africa Telecoms magazine and Kaz Henderson Founding Partner of Networx) have seen an encouraging growth and development in these two bright young women and are themselves enthusiastic not only about the girls’ future but at the prospect of a fresh outlook on the subject of tech and communications.

In the post show wrap-up grilling, both girls correctly interpreted that the common theme of the 2012 conference had been about “DATA” – how much of it there is and still needed, the cost and how to get it to more people across the continent; that apps are here to stay; how content is king and how cloud computing is leading the way for a more connected and communicative united Africa.

In a post event interview on Hectic Nine 9, both Lauren and Simone clearly demonstrated their joy about being a part of this brave new world.  In chatting to them in the Green Room before the show, they confirmed they have become fast friends.  According to Lauren, “we thought we would be highly competitive against one another, but one of the other things that we learnt at AfricaCom is that while there are many journalists writing on the subject, there are different angles and different opinions that can be offered which is the same with us as we each have a different viewpoint – yet like the people we met last week, there is a great camaraderie and that is something we would both like to continue to grow.”

Both girls have been offered a short internship at Africa Telecoms magazine under the auspices of Bradley Shaw and the tech team, while CNBC Africa having met the two young pioneers at AfricaCom has also opened the door to a brief stint if they would like to see the business desk of this international broadcaster.  They will be invited back to AfricaCom in 2013.  So, watch this space.

Follow Lauren on: (The Eyecatcher)

Technology and Sex

Engineers have three years left to deliver the hoverboard promised to us by Back To The Future II. It’s not looking good though the self-lacing Nike dunks are on track. In the area of sex tech though, we’re already on track to surpass the orgasmatron – the machine for giving instant orgasms – from Woody Allen’s 1973 flick Sleeper well before the 2173 deadline.

Technology is already having a major effect on sex lives the world over and there’s far more to be explored than simply burbling about sexting or women reading 50 Shades Of Grey on their Kindles undetected by the other commuters on their train. From web communities to hardware – pun obviously intended – our sexual culture is evolving and being altered by technology.

Matt Curry, head of e-commerce at Lovehoney or, as he describes himself in his Twitter profile, “Chief Whip & Sexual Tastemaker”, has great insight into the public’s sexual tastes – he sees what they spend their cash on. He reveals that Lovehoney’s latest gadget makes catering to its customers’ whims much easier:

“With sex toys, having instant access via Skype to overseas manufacturing is great. We’ve taken that one step further though: we’re now printing out prototypes sent by sex toy designers in Europe and China with our office 3D printer. It really helps with speed of development. Previously we had to wait for prototypes – even non-functional models – to be shipped via air or even sea. Now we can get an idea of shape and size very quickly.”

 How technology is changing the way we have sex

It’s not just the ability to quickly see designs that’s helped by the 3D printer. It also means Lovehoney can be far more experimental. Curry says: “We can definitely experiment with more unusual designs now before we expend the time and money required to knock out functional versions.”

His list of favorite sex toys, published on Lovehoney’s blog, gives a good sense of how online purchases make it easier for us to buy what we really want rather than one we’re comfortable to be seen buying. BASIC Sex Toys’s Slimline Butt Buddy is the third most popular sex toy on the site. Curry says: “I try to convince people that the British public are much more into sticking things up their bottoms than they let on and this is brilliant proof of that.”

He goes on: “Working in this industry has taught me that everyone is into something other people would think weird. There’s also a lot more choice now. Ten years ago, you would never have been able to get access to specialist kit like Pipedream Extreme [makers of realistic vaginas, dicks, anuses and mouths], medical fetish equipment or electro items from your local sex shop.”

The ‘Amazon’ shopping experience, our expectation of easy ordering and delivery, has made it normal to buy things off the web and, of course, that means sex toys and related products. Curry brightly notes; “On Lovehoney, you can even read user reviews of a speculum, if that’s what you’re into. 5 stars, I might add!” Amusingly, a search on Amazon itself for vibrators, brings up a selection of “pelvic floor exercisers” and “personal massagers”, code words used by mainstream companies in place of more direct words like vibrator and dildo.

 How technology is changing the way we have sex

The future of vibrators may be in “teledildonics” — remotely controlled sex toys — but Curry warns that the technology is somewhat slums at this point. He highlights items like the Mojowijo – an add-on for turning your Wiimote into a sex toy – and the Fleshlight VStroker but does not recommend them as they are “not great products”. Better options may be on the way though. Curry reveals:

“There are some advances on the way. I’ve seen various mockups and prototypes of toys that work with iPads and other video chat apps to provide a better long-distance experience. There’s even a semi-satirical mockup of an iPad Fleshlight doing the rounds on the Internet.”

iOS devices have been put to work in the pursuit of pleasure by former Apple employee, Suki Dunham, whose company OhMiBod makes a whole range of music-activated vibrators. The devices buzz to the rhythm of the tunes you choose and the company recently launched an iPhone app that allows users to remotely control connected vibrators and created their own unique vibration patterns. The company’s devices were featured in the Grammy Awards goodie bags in 2010.

At the more extreme of innovation, researchers from the University of Electro Communications in Tokyo developed a machine – dubbed the Kiss Translation Device – that aims to connect couples French kiss over long-distances. The machine links two rotating straw-like tongues to computers. Noburhiro Takahashi, a member of the team developing the device, told DigInfo TV that the team is working on other elements of kissing like taste, breath and tongue moistness. Thankfully bad breath isn’t one of the factors being studied.

Scientists are also turning their attentions to other orifices. While the Fleshlight is the most famous or infamous artificial vagina, the ungainly RealTouch pushes things even further. The device, designed by a former NASA engineer, has two bands running inside with a reservoir releasing lube. It plugs in using USB and its motion is synced to specially selected porn movies to theoretically mimic the experience of fucking the performers. Quite how erotic that can possibly feel is debatable.

 How technology is changing the way we have sex

For those who want more than a hole, there is an arms, legs and other body part race between makers of highly detailed dolls. The most prominent brand at the high end is Real Doll, which featured prominently in the Oscar-nominated Lars And The Real Girl, a Playboy shoot by Helmut Newton, and RyanMurphy’s Nip/Tuck among many other TV shows. Less pleasingly for the doll makers, Merlin Mann and John Roderick dubbed the anatomically correct creations “dead rubber girls” in an episode of the Roderick On The Line podcast.

RealDoll’s most prominent rival is the more robotic Roxxxy from True Companion, marketed as a sex robot can that can hold conversation. Each Roxxy model has three inputs (read: orifices) and a programmed personality which allows her to be sleepy, garrulous or “in the mood”. Other “girlfriend profiles” are offered with highly descriptive names: Wild Wendy, Frigid Farrah, S&M Susan, Mature Martha and Young Yoko.

RealDoll has been producing realistic sex dolls since 1996 and while it did offer robotic featured such as remote-controlled hip actuators and computer controlled speech feedback for a time, it has opted to focus on the “realism” of its products. RealDoll’s creator Matt McMullen says of his rivals at True Companion:

“What they’re trying to do really is completely different than what we’ve been doing. We’ve always aspired to make our dolls look and feel as real as possible, hence the name Real Doll, not so much like “hey, we’re going to build a robot.” Not that that’s an area we haven’t explored…it’s just something that I’ve never really been comfortable releasing as a product mostly because of the aesthetics that have to sacrificed when you start putting gears in a doll…it’s hard to keep the doll as beautiful as I would demand it to look.”

The team behind True Companion has been working on their concept for a high-tech sex doll since 1993. Douglas Hines, a former employee of Bell Labs – a crucible of technology that helped produce radio astronomy, the transistor, the laser, Unix, C and C++ – created a rudimentary sex robot called Trudy.

 How technology is changing the way we have sex

True Companion’s official company history explains their goal: “The sex industry was effective at creating very expensive and somewhat realistic dolls but many people were telling us it was like their dolls were ‘catatonic’, like they were injured and unable to speak and interact. They wanted to have their dolls become interactive and be their friends. We solved this problem…”

Speaking to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers’s magazine, Spectrum, Hines talked about his sex doll like any inventor dealing with practical problems: “Roxxxy has three inputs and motors where it counts. There’s a lot of heat buildup, so we installed a convection system. [There are] other motors to simulate heartbeat and responsive gestures.”

Like a lot of more traditional consumer technology, Roxxxy hooks up to the web to grab firmware updates that add new behavior based on interactions between owner and robot. Hines employed a voiceover artist to record her vocals as well as noises like snoring and orgasmic yelps. The robot’s knowledge database is pre-populated with phrases based on the buyer’s answers to a 400-question preference questionnaire.

Meanwhile, RealDoll has taken another step forward in its quest for realism by striking a licensing deal with porn studio Wicked to produce representations of its stars. To someone not used to the culture of the realistic sex doll market, the features list of the new product might be a little disturbing:

“…new articulated spine, which allows for completely realistic and natural torso positioning and range of motion…the new removable deep throat mouth insert, which features a canal which goes down the throat of the doll versus straight back into the head, for up to 7” of penetration…full head design without magnets or velcro…a numbered certificate of authenticity signed by the actress…”

While many RealDoll fans are very taken with the latex version of women of Wicked, others are disappointed by the specs and option packages available. Despite the very different products under discussion, RealDoll forums don’t differ all that much from those discussing mobile phones or cars. Here’s an example of one user’s view of the Wicked RealDoll range:

“I really like the Wicked Real Doll body out of them all – specifically the body on the Electra doll. I just don’t like the face. Unfortunately, when I tried to find the options available, there are none. Is it possible to switch out a head on this body if you pay extra? I could live without any special skin tone but I can’t handle the face on the doll…to me [it] looks a bit agitated…I really would like that body but not a doll that looks like it wants to kick my ass. Sorry for being blunt. What would it cost to order a different head?”

72966263 520x364 How technology is changing the way we have sex

Jessica Drake, a writer, performer and producer for Wicked, has also been immortalized as a RealDoll. She described the process to

“It’s a really scientific process. My body and my face was scanned by a computer from head to toe, all the way round. The doll is an exact replica of me, right down to the lifelines on my palms…my hands and feet were molded separately for even more details like my nails and veins. My doll has the same dimples in her lower back that I have…my ‘lady parts’ were molded to be exactly the same as the real thing. That meant another visit to RealDoll, where their specialists poured a special mixture around my bits as I was on a table in a rather compromising position. It was cold but it warmed up rather quickly. My nipples were done in the same way.”

Drake is very positive about the response she has received from fans who have purchased her in doll form: “I’m really flattered…[it’s] giving me the ability to fulfill the fantasies of even more people…that someone would enjoy me so much that they’d take me home and make me theirs is quite the turn on. I’ve already gotten a few emails from people telling me how much they enjoy me!”

It’s unsurprising that customers are so demanding. The standard RealDoll, female or male, costs $5999 before you choose any of the optional extras (which include pubic hair and the option of extra faces). A rather matter-of-fact note at the bottom of the order form states: “Your female doll comes dressed in stylish seasonal lingerie with high heeled shoes. She will also come with a bottle of perfume and a cleaning kit.” The male doll ships in boxers and, curiously, a tank top.

While modern materials and the freedom provided by the web have made a more profitable business of developing and selling sex dolls, they are by no means a new concept. As far back as the 16th century the dame de voyage, a makeshift sex doll made of cloth, was used by French and Spanish sailors on long, lonely voyages. Iwan Bloch in The Sexual Life of Our Time discussed commercialized sex dolls in 1908:

“[There are] clever mechanics who, from rubber and other plastic materials, prepare entire male or female bodies which subserve fornicatory purposes. More especially are the genital organs represented in a manner true to nature…such artificial human beings are actually offered for sale in the catalogue of certain manufacturers of “Parisian rubber articles.”

By 1955, dolls were being openly advertised with Max Weissbrodt promoting Bild Lilli in Germany, a model based on a cartoon character popularized by the Bild Zeitung newspaper. However, unlike the direct and serious copy that promotes the RealDoll today, poor Lilli was marketed as a joke for “men who perhaps could not afford the real thing” and advertised in pamphlets distributed in red light districts.

It was another technological leap forward that kicked the sex doll industry into the 20th century as vinyl, latex and silicone became more commonly available and allowed more realism. The great joy of the web for the sexual adventurer is that there is no longer a need to seek out a catalogue packed with “Parisian rubber articles” as the internet is history’s greatest repository of the niche and naughty.

Matt Curry says of the web’s more niche hangouts: “I see so many niches. Online communities are giving people the opportunity to discuss and explore aspects of their sexuality. If you realized you had a sexual attachment to cuddly toys, you’d once have felt repressed but now you have access to, say, the Teddy Babe section of the UK Love Doll forums.” I checked. That’s definitely a thing. Once again Rule 34 – the hypothesis that pornography or sexually related material exists online for any conceivable subject – is proved right.

Curry makes a strong over-arching point about how the web has renewed and revitalized sexual culture: “Anonymity has really allowed people to be much more open online. Yes, you get exhibitionists and fantasists but the majority are people just looking for an outlet and some advice.”

For young people, there seems to be, despite media reports to the contrary, a lot to be celebrated about the interaction of technology and our sex lives. “The Use of Technology in Relationships”, a report published by the University of Plymouth earlier this year in association with the UK Safer Internet Centre found that 88% of 16 – 24 year-olds strongly agree that technology has had a positive impact on their relationship.

Over half of respondents said online activities formed a regular part of interaction in their relationship (60%) and were an important part of forming new relationships (52%). However, almost half of those surveyed agreed that online interaction could damage “offline” relationships.

The interaction between online and offline relationships is blurring though. Whether they are out-and-out hookup apps like Grindr and its straight equivalent Blendr or presenting themselves as a “social experiment” when users are clearly getting sexual like Badoo, so many apps are places for getting sex. Craigslist has always been a hot bed of no-strings attached action but location-awareness has given the quest for anonymous sex a new lease of life.

 How technology is changing the way we have sex

Grindr has over 4 million users in 192 countries. That’s a sexual revolution by anyone’s arithmetic. Cottaging meets coding. Mutual masturbation meets monetization strategies. But not everyone believes that’s a good thing. The problem with Grindr and, in fact, all web and mobile hook up strategies was brilliantly summed up by journalist and theorist Mark Simpson:

“Now, call me old-fashioned but what is the point of sex to a single homosexualist if it doesn’t get you out of the bloody house? On the hottest night of the year? Gays – all of them, every last one of them, especially those in relationships – are ‘logged on’ with lob ons, looking for someone who will ‘travel’ while they ‘accom’.

If Joe Orton had his time again his diaries would have been just printouts of thousands of Gaydar profiles and alarming digicam photos. “I, for my part, look back on my pre-internet days of compulsive cruising…in the driving sleet and rain as a golden age of warmth, romance and human contact…the evil of internet cruising – and the reason it will become irresistibly, devastatingly mainstream – is precisely its efficiency…but efficiency is precisely what sex is not about.”

That is the crux of where technology’s role in the future of sex gets problematic. The human experience that is most tied to the idea of intimacy can be enhanced by technology but it can also allow us to dive into the most solipsistic behavior possible, fulfilling our own most selfish needs without the need to think of anything else. In June 2006, Henrik Christensen of the European Robotics Research Network told The Sunday Times he believed “people [were] going to be having sex with robots within five years.” True Companion’s customers already are but how long before the robotic side of the sex industry becomes mainstream?

Wherever there is a new technology, be it VHS, BluRay or 3D, the sex industry is quick to adopt it. Days after Google announced its Glass AR eyewear would be available to developers, Quentin Boyer of major porn producers Pink Visual was claiming his company would be the first to develop porn for it. He says, matter-of-factly: “The style of porn known as ‘point of view’ has been a popular type of content for a while now. Obviously a device that allows you to shoot high quality video in a truly hands-free fashion will make shooting porn that much easier.” Good work Google, you’ve just brought us the future of dirty movies.

Whether it is allowing us to indulge our kinks, however mild – 50 Shades of Grey on Kindle – or extreme – discussing $6000 latex girls, or facilitating real life contact, technology has an increasing role in modern sexuality. The defining question of the next 10 years is likely to be whether it’s used more to maintain intimacy with partners over great distances and enhance relationships or create insular worlds where we can please ourselves. Oh, and when that orgasmatron is going to get off the drawing board.

Image Credit: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images


E-commerce websites shaking up Africa


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