State Of the Nation Address – My Thoughts

You can either agree or disagree, but last night was a complete disgrace.

Fact is – We need a new #President ….. “Een met n bek” … en nie een wat speech writers het nie! ….. Our country needs order …. Our country needs a strong president to deal with all these strong personalities in government. Looking Past all these issues… ‪#‎Zuma‬ You have to go ,,,‪#‎MyOpinion_Hate_it_Or_Love_it‬

The points that Zuma mentioned, sounded similar to last years speech that he made. What changed this year.

He laughed about what had happened in parliament and did not mention anything about the happenings.

#SONA2015

#StateOfTheNation

#Zuma

zuma

Our country needs Order.

Useful information about Cape Town – The Place I Call Home!!!!

Situated between the mountains and oceans, with many nationals parks it is truly the heart of South Africa and there is no place Like Cape Town. Therefore it is called the Mother City. It is the oldest city in South Africa which spans about 300 years.

Cape Town 3 Cape Town Useful information about Cape Town Cape Town 3
A view of Cape Town

South Africa officially has 11 languages, which most people are capable of speaking English, Afrikaans and xhosa and these languages are widely used in Cape Town, the Western Province.

Cape Town has an population of about 3.5-million people that lives here this makes this city the  second most-populated city within South Africa.

The climate in Cape Town is similar to California and the Mediterranean weather .The winter starts in May and ends in September which is generally a wet and windy time. Temperatures are cool which ranges between 7°C and 17°C . Summer usually lasts from November to March and temperatures ranges between 19°C and 35°C . The summer time is very hot and sunny and can be windy, but it doesn’t usually bring much rain.

If you are interested in knowing the time in South Africa, this city lies in the GMT +2 time zone and does not have daylight saving time.

When entering South Africa, the currency used is Rand(ZAR). But don’t doubt this country, the exchange rate is favourable to most currencies and many restaurants, shops etc. accept international credit cards.

Political Facts within South Africa – Cape Town

  • The Mayor of Cape Town is Patricia de Lille.
  • The Premier of the Western Cape is Helen Zille.
  • Cape Town is also the legislative capital of South Africa.
  • The South Africa’s Parliament is situated in Cape Town.

Brief History of Cape Town:

In 1652 Cape Town was founded, when Jan van Riebeeck of the Dutch East India Company based in The Netherlands arrived and they set up a halfway point for ships travelling to the East. Portuguese explorers and travellers arrived in the Cape around the 15th Century and the Khoisan people populated the area before the European arrival.

So if you have family in this City, South Africa or wanting to send your digits to tell them about your great experiences, remember that the country code is 0027 and the City Code for Cape Town is 021.  For visa requirements click here.

Quick Facts to take home:

  • This City is the Capital city of the Western Cape.
  • The City has a motto – Spes Bona, which means Good Hope.
  • Cape Town is sometimes also called the “Tavern of the seas”. Have a look around and you will find out why.

To be ranked first out of all cities in the world, and against global destinations of this calibre, speaks volumes about the strength of our offering. It is especially exciting for me that these results are based on the experiences of travellers who have visited the various destinations. – Western Cape Tourism Minister Alan Winde, on the announcement that CPT was the TripAdvisor Travelers’ Choice No.1 destination for 2011

Nelson Mandela – We Thank You !!!

25 years ago today, Nelson Mandela was released from Victor Verster Prison in the Western Cape and made his way to City Hall in Cape Town to deliver his iconic speech from the balcony of the building.

Today marks the 25-year anniversary of Mandela’s release from prison. He was imprisoned for 27 years.

Quote for the day :Difficulties break some men but make others. No axe is sharp enough to cut the soul of a sinner who keeps on trying, one armed with the hope that he will rise even in the end.

Nelson Mandela

Why are illegal abortions so widely advertised and used in South Africa?

Why are illegal abortions so widely advertised and used in South Africa? Ruth Atkinson has been investigating. She shares some of her insights here.

Abortion was legalised in South Africa in 1996, cutting maternal mortality by over 90%. The Guttmacher Institute named the Choice on Termination of Pregnancy (CTOP) Act “one of the most liberal abortion acts in the world.”

In a study published earlier this year, Associate Professor Jane Harries, Director of the Women’s Health Research Unit at the University of Cape Town, wrote, “The CTOP Act was groundbreaking for women’s rights and health in South Africa, with the country having taken the lead in Africa and elsewhere in abortion reform and rights.”

Illegal abortions are openly advertised and easy to access. Women present at hospital with complications resulting from unsafe abortions. An estimated half of abortions in South Africa are performed illegally. This figure is shockingly high given it is among the very few countries in Africa where abortion on demand is legal. So why this disjuncture between law and practice?

It can be attributed to three factors: confusion about the legality of abortion; stigma pushing procedures underground; and poor service provision.

Knowledge of legality

Ten years after the CTOP Act was passed, a 2006 study found that 32% of women were not aware that abortion was legal.

Andy Gray, Senior lecturer in Pharmacology at the University of KwaZulu Natal, says that the high rate of illegal abortions taking place in South Africa was unsurprising given the wealth of advertising from backstreet abortionists compared to the dearth of information on safe and legal termination. He says, “There needs to be a clear message about legality” and advocates posters in clinics and education at school.

Stigma

When a woman chooses abortion, she faces stigma both from workers at health facilities and from people in her community. Stigma surrounding abortion can lead to a lack of consultation within families and the community.

Andrea Thompson from Marie Stopes, an organisation that offers a range of reproductive health services including abortion, says that it is often women who feel they have no one to talk to who choose illegal abortions. “When you are in a desperate situation, you make a desperate decision. Abortion needs to be something that can be talked about. The more it is stigmatised, the more the problem perpetuates because it perpetuates in the dark.”

Abortion is an extremely emotive issue that sees people divided into two main camps of thought. The first is ‘pro-life’, the notion that an embryo represents life, and should not be terminated regardless of its levels of consciousness. The second is ‘pro-choice’, which believes in the individual liberty of a woman and her right to control her fertility.

Andy Gray says the pro-life message is dominant within the conservative profession of nursing, and that women presenting for termination may be chastised by nurses who disagree with their decision. Pro-choice healthcare providers can also be victims of harassment. He has heard of anti-abortion nurses spitting on those recruited to perform terminations. “Abortion has never been popular politically” says Gray. This has created a stumbling block for policy roll-out. “The Department of Health has neglected the service and this may reflect ambivalence on their part.”

Jane Harries told me this stigmatisation has led to professionals performing terminations in isolated areas of hospitals and not receiving adequate support from their colleagues.

Poor service provision

A worrying 50% of designated facilities do not provide termination of pregnancy. This is because the staff in those facilities are untrained or unwilling to perform the procedure or even counsel the women.

According to the constitution, healthcare providers have the right to conscientiously object to performing termination of pregnancy. However, they are legally obliged to refer patients to another provider and assist in emergency situations resulting from termination procedures. But problems arise when widespread conscientious objection means that there are no available care providers at a facility.

Harries says, “Healthcare professionals are not actually formally registering as conscientious objectors.” This means that if there is a gap in the service, it is not identified and therefore not filled. While the guidelines call for written confirmation of conscientious objection, this has not been implemented. She advocates a formalised, confidential record-keeping system that would allow district departments to evenly distribute doctors and nurses with different beliefs on abortion.

Thompson says that workshops explaining the reasons for the CTOP Act have helped. She says, “Once people realise they are not being forced to perform termination of pregnancy, uptake grows.” The workshops were run by the non-government organisation Ipas, but have not been sustained.

Thompson also explained that by law, only practitioners of abortions can conscientiously object. But when it is the managers at a healthcare facility who object, those working lower in the hierarchy are often assumed to hold the same view and feel powerless to voice dissent.

Even if healthcare professionals are pro-choice, there is poor access to training. Training for termination of pregnancy services is not an obligatory part of medical education but has to be elected. Thompson said that in a climate of stigma and poor access, “You have to be very passionate and pro-choice to push for training.”

This issue has arisen because of a tension in the constitution, the right to religious autonomy and the protection of a woman’s right to terminate an unintended pregnancy. The practical solution is to balance healthcare professionals of different religious and ethical beliefs to ensure that women’s rights are always protected. Women need to know their rights and be able to access what is legally available to them. As Thompson says, “People have to be respectfully demanding what they are entitled to.”

By Ruth Atkinson, GroundUp

 

 

How To Spot Fake Cigarettes

When it comes to identifying counterfeit cigarettes, it can become tough if you are not an expert. To be able to spot fraud with ease you need some awareness and knowledge.

According to Online Mail journalist, Daniel Miller, one in seven cigarettes are either smuggled or fake. The black market tobacco, which consists mostly of high levels of chemicals, is costing the country millions in unpaid taxes.

Research states the containers used to smuggle illicit cigarettes into the country often transport illegal guns and weapons into the country.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cX-k1i0QOag&feature=youtu.be

Here are 10 ways to easily spot fake/counterfeit cigarettes:

Read more: http://thesaobserver.com/how-to-spot-fake-cigarettes/